Dear President-elect Obama

The Daily Star (Beyrouth)  /  January 12, 2009

Open Letter

Editor’s note: The following is a letter addressed to US President-elect Barack
Obama calling for the United States
to change its policies vis-à-vis the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, especially
in light of Israel ‘s
current onslaught against the Gaza Strip. It was signed by more than 900
academics, most of them based in the
United States , and made available
to The Daily Star by the campaign’s organizers.

Once, in what was perhaps an unguarded moment, you stated that: “Nobody’s suffering
more than the Palestinian people”. After days of relentless Israeli
bombing in the Gaza strip that has already killed over seven hundred people,
most of them civilians or policemen, and injured over three thousand, many of
whom may yet die for lack of medical supplies and facilities, your words have
never rung more true. And yet, so far, your signal response to this latest
assault on the Palestinians, that the UN Secretary General diplomatically calls
“disproportionate”, has been to defend Israel’s right to respond to
rocket attacks that, while rightly condemned, are mere pinpricks in comparison
to the horrific consequences of Israeli bombardment and of the ongoing blockade
on Gaza.


Does this mean that on the long way to the White House you have trimmed your sails
and, for the sake of securing the power you will soon assume, fear now to speak
truth to power? Does this mean that, unlike Dr. King, your sense of justice is
adjustable for the sake of political expedience? Those who supported you from
the early days of your primary campaign did so not on account of your response
to economic crisis, but because they believed in your sense of justice and your
commitment to put an end to business-as-usual in Washington, and because they
believed in your genuine desire to shape a new and different world order.

In 1981, while you were an undergraduate at Occidental
College , you were among the first of a
courageous group of students and faculty who, while the cause was still
unpopular or unheard of, spoke out for divestment from the apartheid regime in
South Africa .
You knew then that it was imperative to place pressure on a racist regime which
shamefully oppressed a black and coloured population that was discriminated
against, subject to pass laws and control of its every movement, parceled into
Bantustans , and subject to detention, torture and extra-judicial
execution. When the black population protested, like the school children of
Soweto , they could be
summarily shot down by police or army. The ANC, under Nelson Mandela, was
proscribed as a terrorist movement, its leaders were imprisoned, tortured or
killed, its guerillas faced the overwhelming power of the South African army,
equipped and trained in part by the
United States and its European
allies. A regime that was so unafraid to use violence in the defense of its
discriminatory and racist regime, and so unashamed to do so in the face of
international condemnation, could only understand the language of force. The
divestment movement in which you so actively participated understood that the euphemistically
and cynically named policy of “constructive engagement” was a moral
and practical failure and that only the non-violent force of a financial
boycott on the South African regime had any hope of bringing an end to
apartheid without an horrific bloodbath.

Public figures as diverse as Bishop Desmond Tutu and President Jimmy Carter have
recognized that Israel too maintains an apartheid regime, in practice

if not in name. South Africa ,
now a functioning  multi-racial democracy, was a white state for a white
people. Israel
is a Jewish state for a Jewish people. Its non-Jewish, mostly Palestinian Arab
citizens are discriminated against in numerous ways, economically and civilly.
The dispossessed and ethnically cleansed Palestinian populations, dispersed in
the diaspora and in the refugee camps of Gaza ,
the West Bank and Lebanon ,
are denied the internationally recognized right of return. They have had their
lands and homes taken from them by armed and “legal” force, are
subject to collective punishment, prolonged states of siege, the absolute and
deliberately destructive control of their daily movements. Where South Africa
instituted the pass laws, the checkpoints that have proliferated all over the
West Bank and at the exits from Gaza prevent students from reaching their
schools and hospitals, workers from reaching their places or work, keep farmers
from their fields, the sick from the few hospitals that survive to serve them. The
illegal settlements, that in contravention of all international laws regarding
occupation have proliferated across the West Bank, are designed to be permanent
“facts on the ground” and have divided recognized Palestinian territory
into segmented islets, into besieged Bantustans ,
with the intent of preventing a contiguous Palestinian state. A so-called
security wall, illegally built, as even the Israeli Supreme Court recognized,
on Palestinian territory, has cut farmers from their lands and turned formerly

prosperous villages into isolated prisons. Regular Israeli military incursions
into Palestinian cities and refugee camps, and bombings from the air, have
killed innumerable civilians, many of them children. Since the election of
Hamas, in fair and open elections, Israel has subjected the civilian population
of Gaza to a prolonged state of siege, designed to suffocate them into submission,
depriving them at will of water and power, medical supplies and food, and of
access to the outside world. The most recent, all-out assault on Gaza, the
disproportionate and bloody use of excessive force, is no act of self-defense,
but the dramatic extension of an insidious policy of extermination of a people
that refuses to disappear.

Every one of these acts is a crime against humanity. In their ensemble, they constitute
one of the most massive, ethnocidal atrocities of modern times.

Almost alone among nations, Israel
acts in flagrant violation of international law and UN resolutions and does so
with impunity. That it can do so is in large part the consequence of the
uncritical support offered to Israel
by a succession of American administrations. Without the military and economic
aid of the United States ,
which amounts to more than a third of all US
foreign aid, Israel could
not have mounted its violent offensives against the Palestinians or
Lebanon , could not maintain its security
apparatus, could not afford the illegal settlements that seek to expand
Israel into what
remains of Palestinian territory. The United
States has supplied the F-16s that are bombarding the
Palestinians, their schools, police stations and mosques, and the cluster bombs
that continue to kill and maim children and farmers in southern
Lebanon .
America continues to support Israel to the tune of billions every year at the
expense of US taxpayers and at the expense of its moral standing in the world.

You will continue to do so, according to your own web page, because “our first
and incontrovertible  commitment in the Middle East must be to the security
of Israel ,
America ‘s
strongest ally in the region.” You and your Vice-President, Joe Biden, not
only “defend and support the annual foreign aid package that involves both
military and economic assistance to
Israel “, but moreover
“have advocated increased foreign aid budgets to ensure that these funding
priorities are met.” In doing so, you lend your support, in the name of the
United States, to a regime no less criminal in its acts and in its policies
towards its own minority population and its dispossessed Palestinian neighbors
than South Africa was in the 1980s. Then, it was argued, South Africa was our
strongest ally in the region, a bulwark in the war against communism, a crucial
supplier of uranium and other minerals, a prosperous Western-style democracy,
if not the only democracy on the continent. To bring down the South African
apartheid regime, it was argued, would be to create chaos in southern
Africa , unleash a bloodbath in which whites and blacks
alike would suffer, and pave the way for a communist or dictatorial
postcolonial regime. The divestment movement, a non-violent coalition of
students and academics, union members and churches, came together in the spirit
of the Civil Rights movement to challenge those

self-serving assumptions. It changed the direction of US foreign policy, disgracing
its support of a racist regime, and placed effective pressure on

the apartheid regime to begin serious negotiations with the ANC. Through a combination
of diplomacy and divestment, we did end apartheid, making way

for a functioning multi-racial democracy that confronts its challenges, indeed,
but has not dissolved into chaos or tyranny.

It is time for the United States
to place a similar pressure on Israel .
That Israel has been
America ‘s beneficiary, unchallenged in its war
crimes and in its acts of terror, uncontested for its racist civil constitution
and illegal occupations, has not been to the
United States ‘ advantage. On the contrary,
such unquestioning support of Israel
has fuelled the legitimate anger of the Islamic world, supplied the
justification for terrorism, and continually tarnished the
United States ‘
reputation among the democracies of the world. That the
United States has stood so often alone in
defending Israel
before the court of world opinion in the United Nations is not a sign of its
virtue, but of the obstinacy and arrogance of its stance. But it is not for the
sake of the reputation or advantage of the United
States that you should take a new path in relation to
Israel . It is
in the name of justice. It is not just to support the territorial ambitions,
realized settlement by settlement, of a Zionist minority in the region. It is
not just to continue to supply Israel
with the most advanced weapons and the most deadly arms in order that it may
murder civilians, children and policemen. It is not just that we should support
Israel with all our diplomatic
force and financial aid, while leaving
Israel ‘s victims to die slowly for
lack of food, medicine, water and power. It is not just that we should
sacrifice a dispossessed people for the security of a state that discriminates
and expropriates, continually and violently ignores UN resolutions and
international appeals, collectively punishes those whose right to resist
occupation is recognized in international law.


There is no road to peace through such injustice. It may be that the compromise
in the end will be the establishment and security of two separate states.
Almost certainly, the only hope of a lasting solution is a single state in
Israel/Palestine, committed to the civil and human rights of all peoples within
its boundaries, irrespective of religion or ethnicity. That is, after all, the
standard to which we hold all other states in the world,
Israel alone
excepted. But no solution at all will be possible until we hold
accountable for its criminal violence and its illegal acts, until we cease to
supply it with the means to pursue a course of domination and expansion, with
arms and warplanes, with finance and diplomatic support. In wake of the
humanitarian catastrophe in Gaza ,
your recent expression of “deep concern” is not enough. It is time
for constructive disengagement from
Israel , financial, diplomatic,
military. What worked in the case of South Africa, divestment and pressure, may
finally work in the Middle East.

Without such justice, there will be no peace.

David Lloyd

University of Southern California Los Angeles

January 1, 2009


Maher Abdelqader, St. Johns

Butool Abdullah, University of California
(UC), Riverside

Khadeeja Abdullah, UC Los Angeles

Wadad Abed, Palestine Aid Society

Diana Abouali, Dartmouth College

Thomas Abowd, Wayne State University

Matthew Abraham, DePaul

Raed Abughazaleh, Hennepin
County Medical

Janet Abu-Lughod, Northwestern University

Lila Abu-Lughod, Columbia

Fida Adely, Georgetown
University School
of Foreign Service

Dorothy Aguilera, Lewis & Clark College, Portland

Sanjam Ahluwalia, Northern Arizona University

Barry Aidlin, UC Berkeley

Andrew Aisenberg, Scripps College

Maha Akhtar, Macaulay Honors College at Queens College

Daniel Alarc­n, UC Berkeley

Lisa Albrecht, University of Minnesota

Linda Mart’n Alcoff, Hunter College/CUNY

David Alderson, University of Manchester

Hamid Algar, UC Berkeley

Kimberly Alidio, University of Texas at Austin

Dina Al-Kassim, UC Irvine

Amany Al-Sayyed, American University of Beirut

Evelyn Alsultany, University of Michigan

Abbas Al-Tonsi, Georgetown University

Andrew Altounyan, Concerned citizen

Atif Alvi, Lahore University of Management Sciences

Candice Amich, Rutgers University

T.R. Amsler, June Jordan School for Equity

Sriram Ananth, University of Minnesota

Patrick Anderson, UC San Diego

Gil Anidjar, Columbia University

Sinan Antoon , New York

Nausheen H Anwar, Harvard

Ibrahim Aoude, University
of Hawaii

Juan Manuel Arbona, Bryn Mawr College

Stephen Carl Arch, Michigan State University

Elizabeth Archuleta, Arizona State University

Jacqueline Armijo, Zayed University

Anjali Arondekar, UC Santa Cruz

Nadim Asrar, University of Minnesota

Mohamed G. Atta, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

Robin Attfield, Cardiff University

Elsa Auerbach, University of Massachusetts Boston

Tim August, University of Minnesota

Idelber Avelar, Tulane University

Sufia Azmat, Noor-Ul-Iman School

Paola Bacchetta, UC Berkeley

Gabeba Baderoon, Pennsylvania State University

Susan Bain, Promenade Elementary School

Amit Baishya, University of Iowa

Jennifer Bajorek, Goldsmiths College, University of London

Christine Bacareza Balance, UC Irvine

Ian Balfour, York University

Wanda S. Ballentine, Retired

Asma Barlas, Ithaca College

Tani Barlow, Rice University

Barbara Barnes, Brooklyn College

Lynne Barnes, Colorado State University

Ryan P Barone, University of Connecticut

Valerie Barr, Union College

Harry Bastermajian, Lake Forest College

Angela Ixkic Duarte Bastian, Universidad Aut­noma de Mexico

Edward Batchelder, SUNY, Buffalo

Janet Bauer, Trinity College

Anis Bawarshi, University of

Rosalyn Baxandall, SUNY, Old Westbury

Moustafa Bayoumi, Brooklyn
College , CUNY

Toby Beauchamp, UC Davis

Michael Beck, Queens College

Adam H. Becker, New York University

Joshua A. Bell, Smithsonian Institution Jonathan Beller, Pratt Institute

L. Kent Bendall, Wesleyan University

Lourdes Bener’a, Cornell University

Sylvia Benini, Austin Center for Peace and Justice

Rick Berg, University of Southern California

Brook Bernini-Galup, University of Minnesota

Tamara Bhalla, UMBC

Jess Bier, CUNY

Anna Bigelow, North Carolina State University

Laure Bjawi, Santa Clara University

Jody Blanco, UC San Diego

Barb Blazej, University of Maine

Steven Blevins, Florida International University

Katherine Blouin, University of Toronto

Van Bluemel, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Jason N. Blum, University of

Lawrence Blum, University of
Massachusetts , Boston

Abigail Boggs, UC Davis

Mallory Bolduc, University of

Catherine Bolten, University of
  Michigan Victoria
Bomberry, UC Riverside

Marion G. Bontrager, Hesston College

Papori Bora, University of Minnesota

Rozalinda Borcila, University of South Florida

Eileen Boris, UC Santa Barbara

Purnima Bose, Indiana University, Bloomington

Daniel Boyarin, UC Berkeley

Marylee Bradley, California State University, Stanislaus

Amy L. Brandzel, University of New Mexico

Bruce Braun, University of

Lundy Braun, Brown

Gray Brechin, Univesity of California, Berkeley

Laura Briggs, University of Arizona

Mary Shannon Brooks, University of Texas

Jayna Brown, UC Riverside

Nathan Brown, UC Davis

Wendy Brown, UC Berkeley

Karl Bryant, SUNY, New Paltz

Lotte Buch, University of Copenhagen

Susan Buck-Morss, Cornell University

Jericho Burg, UC San Diego

Emily Burrill, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Jessica B. Burstrem, University
of Arizona

Antoinette Burton, University
of Illinois

Snjezana Buzov ,
Ohio State University

Layla Cable, the Curley

Jeffrey Cabusao, Bryant

George Constantine Caffentzis, University
of Southern Maine

Andrew Calabrese, University of
Colorado at Boulder

Asli Calkivik, University
of Minnesota

Jordan Camp, UC Santa Barbara

Corey Capers, University of
Illinois , Chicago

Cesare Casarino, University of Minnesota

Eugenia Casielles, Wayne State University

Noel Castree, University of Manchester

Keith Catone, Harvard Graduate School of Education

Paul Catterson, Chicago State University

John Paul Catungal, University of Toronto Eric Cazdyn, University of Toronto

Marija Cetinic, USC

Aditi Chandra, University of

Nandini Chandra, University of
Minnesota Ryan Chaney,
Columbia University

Sylvia Chan-Malik, UC Berkeley

Tina Chanter, DePaul

Ignacio Chapela, UC Berkeley

Piya Chatterjee, UC Riverside

Ruchi Chaturvedi, Hunter
College , CUNY

Jolie Chea, UC Los Angeles

Mel Y. Chen, UC Berkeley

Thomas Chen, Brown

Eva Cherniavsky, University
of Washington

Anita Chikkatur, University
of Pennsylvania

Kyeong-Hee Choi, University
of Chicago

Sylvia Chong, University
of Virginia

Elora Chowdhury, University of
Massachusetts , Boston

Peter Chua, San Jose
State University

Kandice Chuh, University
of Maryland

George Ciccariello-Maher, UC Berkeley

Christina E. Civantos, University
of Miami

Diana Claitor ,
Texas Jail Project

Beth Cleary, Macalester

Patricia Ticineto Clough, Queens
College and Graduate
Center CUNY

Nanette Le Coat, Trinity

Lawrence Cohen,
UC Berkeley

Matthew Coleman, Ohio
State University

Martha Collins, Oberlin

Patricia Connolly, University
of Minnesota

Sheila Contreras, Michigan
State University

Paula M. Cooey, Macalester

Karin Cope, University
of Nova Scotia

Roselyn Costantino, Penn
State University

Clare Counihan, Nazareth

Margaux Cowden, UC Irvine

Robert Cowles, Hobart and
William Smith

Corey Creekmur, University
of Iowa

T.J. Cribb, Churchill

Charles Crittenden, California
State University ,

Stephen Crowley, Oberlin

Denise Cruz, Indiana

Michael Cucher, USC

Ofelia Ortiz Cuevas, UC Riverside

Kate Cummings, University
of Washington

Chris Cuomo, University
of Georgia

Kavita Daiya, George
Washington University

Marlowe Daly-Galeano, University
of Arizona

Mahendra Damarla, Johns
Hopkins University
School of Medicine

Maria Damon, University of

Bucker Dangor, Imperial
College London

Huma Dar, University of
British Columbia  

Susan Muaddi Darraj, Harford
Community College

Atasi Das, Keene
State College

Rochelle Davis, Georgetown

James Davis, Brooklyn
College , City
University of
New York

Ashley Dawson, CUNY
Graduate Center

Iyko Day, Mount
Holyoke College

Colin Dayan, Vanderbilt

Jodi Dean, Hobart and
William Smith

Lara Deeb, Scripps

Randi Deguilhem, CNRS, IREMAM

Chela Delgado, UC Berkeley

Anneke DeLuycker, Butler

Manan Desai, University
of Michigan

Lynne DeSilva-Johnson, City
College , CUNY

William Dewey, UC San Francisco

Vicente M. Diaz, University
of Michigan

Colin Dickey, USC

Linda Dittmar, University of
Massachusetts , Boston

Naazneen Diwan, UCLA

Tayyab S. Diwan, Mayo Clinic

Jennifer Kwon Dobbs, St.
Olaf College

Sharon Doetsch-Kidder, UC Santa

Thomas John Donahue, Saint Joseph ‘s

Andy Doolen, University
of Kentucky

Roxanne Lynn Doty, Arizona
State University

Simon Doubleday, Hofstra

Roberta L. Dougherty, University of
Texas at Austin

Anne E. Duggan, Wayne
State University

Lisa Duggan, New York

Kevin C. Dunn, Hobart and
William Smith

Bud Duvall, University
of Minnesota

William Duvall, Willamette

Robert Ellis Dye, Macalester

Andrew Edgar, Cardiff

Eduardo Cadava, Princeton

Ben Ehrenreich, Otis
College of Art and Design 

Kaveh Ehsani, De Paul University

Mushira Eid, University
of Utah

John Eisele, College
of William and Mary

Zillah Eisenstein, Ithaca

Muhammad S. Eissa, University
of Chicago

Hisam Elaqad ,
Ohio State University

Nada Elia, Antioch

Marie-Therese Ellis, Mills

Maryam El-Shall, UC Irvine

David G. Embrick, Loyola University-Chicago

Zachary Noffsinger Erbaugh, Bethany
Theological Seminary

Colleen Eren, CUNY
Graduate Center

Jenny Ernst, Park
Day School

Adriana Estill, Carleton

Nava EtShalom, University
of Michigan

Sylvanna M. Falc­n, UC Riverside

Nahyan Fancy, DePauw

James C. Faris, University
of Connecticut

Grant Farred, Cornell

Munis D. Faruqui, UC Berkeley 

David Faust, University of

Silvia Federici, Hofstra

Ilana Feldman, George
Washington University

James Ferguson, Stanford

Roderick A. Ferguson, University
of Minnesota

Allan Fisher, City
College of San

Elllen Fleischmann, University
of Dayton

Colin Flint, University
of Illinois ,

Courtney G. Flint, University
of Illinois at

Amy Foerster, Pace University

Claudio Fogu, UC Santa Barbara

Alessandro Fornazzari, UC Riverside

Noha Forster, University
of Chicago

Lawrence La Fountain-Stokes,
University of Michigan

Claire F. Fox, University
of Iowa

Anne-Lise Fran ois, UC at Berkeley

Cynthia Franklin, University
of Hawaii at Manoa

Cary Fraser,
Pennsylvania State

Carla Freccero, UCSC

Nathaniel Freiburger, UC Davis

Lezlie Frye, NYU

Gloria Frym, California
College of the Arts

Dan Fulton, San Lucas Toliman Hospital

Gary Gaffney, Art
Academy of Cincinnati

Nancy Gallagher, UC Santa Barbara

Catherine Gallou’t, Hobart and
William Smith

Anthony Galluzzo, Clark Library

Ritika Ganguly, University
of Minnesota

Matt Garite, SUNY Buffalo

Matthew Garrett, Wesleyan

Adriana Garriga-L­pez, Columbia

Leo Gerweck, Harvard
Medical School

Bishnupriya Ghosh, UC Santa Barbara

Vinay Gidwani, University
of Minnesota

Stephanie Gilmore, Dickinson

Rachel Giora, Tel
Aviv University

Reda E. Girgis,, Johns
Hopkins University

Abbott Gleason, Brown

Carolyn Goffman, DePaul

David Theo Goldberg, UC Irvine

Catherine Tracy Goode, University of
Massachusetts , Boston

Priyamvada Gopal, University
of Cambridge

Gayatri Gopinath ,
New York University

Sumanth Gopinath, University
of Minnesota

Avery Gordon, UC Santa Barbara

Jeffrey Gore, DePaul

Melanie Gould, Voluntary Service Overseas

Stephen Graham, University
of Durham

Lucy Graham, Stellenbosch

Ronald Walter Greene, University
of Minnesota

Mary Jo Grennan, Keene
State University

Zareena Grewal, Yale

Pamela Grieman, USC

Larry Gross, USC

Sarah Gualtieri, USC

Patricia Guizzetti, Chicago
Public Schools

Andrew Paul Gutierrez, UC Berkeley

Ferit GŸven, Earlham

Khristina Haddad, Moravian

Mathew Hadley, University
of Minnesota

Elaine C. Hagopian, Simmons

Jeanne Hahn, Evergreen
State College
of Liberal Arts

Jennifer Haidar, Des Moines
Public Schools

Samira Haj, CUNY
Graduate School

Paula Hajar, Bronx
Charter School
for Better Learning

Semya Hakim, St. Cloud
State University

Judith Halberstam, USC

Sondra Hale, UCLA

Lisa Kahaleole Hall, Wells

Susanne E. Hall, Duke

John Halman, Macalester

Jeff Halper, Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions

Raja Halwani, School of the Art Institute of

Brian Hand, Wexford Campus (IT Carlow, IrelaMargaret Hanzimanolis, De Anza

Michael K. Hardy, Rutgers

Molly O’Hagan Hardy, University of
Texas at Austin

Marguerite Hargrove, retired citizen

Gillian Harkins, University
of Washington

Barbara Harlow, University of
Texas at Austin

Laura Harms, Earlham

Gillian Hart, UC Berkeley

Janet Hart, University
of Michigan

George Hartley, Ohio

Michelle Hartman, McGill

Barbara Harvey, lawyer, Detroit ,

Salah D. Hassan, Michigan
State University

Wail S. Hassan, University
of Illinois at

Frances Hasso, Oberlin

Paul M. Hassoun, Johns
Hopkins University

Nola J. Heidlebaugh, SUNY-Oswego

Courtney Helgoe, University
of Minnesota

Peter Henry, Seattle

RDK Herman, Smithsonian Institution

Jocelyn Claire R. Hermoso, San
  Francisco State

Caroline Herzenberg, Argonne National

Devin Hess, Park
Day School

Nik Heynen, University
of Georgia

Annie Higgins, Wayne
State University

Edwin Hill, USC

Brenda Hillman, Saint Mary’s College
of California

Ruth Hoffman, University
of Illinois

Miguel Hoffman, Luperon
High School 

Joan Hoffman, John
Jay College
of Criminal Justice 

Cynthia Hogue, Arizona
State University

Nate Holdren, University
of Minnesota 

James-Henry Holland, Hobart and
Smith Colleges

Jim Holstun, SUNY Buffalo

Grace Kyungwon Hong, UC Los

Jonathan House, Columbia

David Brian Howard, Nova
  Scotia College
of Art and Design 

Chris Howell, Oberlin

Matt Huber, Clark

Ashley Hunt, California Institute of the Arts 

Mark Hunter, University
of Toronto 

Adrienne Carey Hurley, McGill

Janise Hurtig, University of
Illinois at Chicago

Suzy Ismail, DeVry

Linda A. Jaber, Wayne
State University

Shelley Jackson, The New School 

Ninni Jacob, Brown
University Medical

Sushil Jacob, UC Berkeley 

Alison M. Jaggar, University
of Colorado ,

Anita Jain, Cal Poly 

Pomona Howla Jardali,
Union School District

Najwa Jardali, Foothill
Community College 

Amira Jarmakani ,
Georgia State

Tariq Jazeel, University
of Sheffield 

Alison Jian, concerned citizen 

Anne Joh, Phillips Theological Seminary 

Elizabeth R. Johnson, University
of Minnesota 

Leola Johnson, Macalester

Merritt Johnson, Emily
Carr University
of Art and Design 

 Adriana Johnson, UC Irvine 

Benjamin Shane Jonas, San
  Jose State

Kathi Jordan ,
Contra Costa

George Joseph, Hobart
  & William Smith

Shady Joulani, UC Los Angeles

Nicole M. Jowsey, SUNY Buffalo

Eileen Julien, Indiana

Djelal Kadir ,
Pennsylvania State University 

Leah Kaminski, UC Irvine 

Priya Kandaswamy, Portland
State University

Katie Kane, University
of Montana 

Laura Hyun Yi Kang, UC Irvine 

Eva Kanso, USC 

Ronak Kapadia, NYU 

Amy Kaplan, University
of Pennsylvania 

Caren Kaplan, UC Davis 

Persis Karim, San Jose
State University

Cindi Katz, CUNY
Graduate Center

Nadav Katz, Brown

Kimberly Katz, Towson

J. Kehaulani Kauanui, Wesleyan
Savas Kaya , Ohio

Kerwin Kaye, NYU 

David Kazanjian, University
of Pennsylvania 

William Keach, Brown

Robin D. G. Kelley, USC 

Susan M. Kenyon, Butler

Arang Keshavarzian, NYU 

Andrea Khalil, Queens
College , CUNY Mustafa Khammash, UC Santa Barbara
Saera R. Khan, University
of San Francisco 

Nathalie Khankan, UC Berkeley 

Ali Khejjou, Foothill

Habibul H. Khondker, Zayed

Emily Khweiss, Queens

Jodi Kim, UC Riverside 

Garnet Kindervater, University
of Minnesota 

Mary C. King, Portland
State University

Laurie King, Georgetown

David Klein, California
State University ,

Jesse Knutson, University
of Chicago 

Silvia Kolbowski, Columbia

Satish Kolluri, Pace University 

Ebru Kongar, Dickinson

A. Kiarina Kordela, Macalester

Paula Kornegay, Kornegay Design 

Dennis Kortheuer, California
State University ,
Long Beach 

Wendy Kozol, Oberlin

Sanjay Krishnan, UC Irvine 

Priya Kumar, University
of Iowa 

Radha Kumar, Jamia Millia Islamia 

James Lafferty, National Lawyers Guild/
Los Angeles 

Ingrid Lagos, UC Davis 

Premesh Lalu, University of the Western Cape ,
South Africa

Mariam Beevi Lam, UC Riverside 

Joan B. Landes, Penn
State University

Jill Lane ,

Lauren Langman, Loyola
University of Chicago

Brendan LaRocque, College
of St. Benedict 

Nadia Latif, Columbia

John Lavine, Black & White Magazine 

Mary N. Layoun, University of
Wisconsin , Madison

Alicia Lazzarini, University
of Minnesota 

Margaret D. LeCompte, University
of Colorado ,

James Kyung-Jin Lee, UC Santa

Julia H. Lee, University of
Texas at Austin

Sharon Heijin Lee, University
of Michigan 

Thomas F. Lee, Saint Anselm College 

Eleonore Lee, Trinity

Jon Lee, Trinity

Winnie Lem, Trent

Yuen-Gen Liang, Wheaton

Stefan Liess, University
of Minnesota 

Nhi Lieu, University of
Texas at Austin

Eng-Beng Lim, Michigan
State University

Deborah L. Little, Adelphi

Dana Luciano, Georgetown

Heather N. Lukes, NYU 

Loren D. Lybarger, Ohio

Janet Lyon, Penn
State University

Laura E. Lyons, University
of Hawaii 

Gordon MacAlpine, Trinity

Barbara MacAlpine, Trinity

Nancy Maclaine, Citizen 

Banafsheh Madaninejad, University
of Texas at

Theresa J. Mah, University
of Chicago 

Pardis Mahdavi, Pomona

Sunaina Maira, UC Davis 

Karin Mak, Cal
Poly Pomona

Afreen Malim, Youth
Empowerment School

Douja Mamelouk, Georgetown

Ariana Mangual, UC Berkeley 

Paul Manning, Trent

Anita Mannur, Denison

Curtis Marez, USC 

Hubert Marshall, Stanford

Sallie A Marston, University
of Arizona 

Luis Martin-Cabrera, UC San

Mar’a Elena Mart’nez, USC 

Anat Matar, Tel
Aviv University

Nabil Matar, University
of Minnesota 

Patricia Mathews, Hobart and
Smith Colleges

Stanley Mathews,
Hobart and William
Smith Colleges

Nemir Matos-Cintron ,
Community College 

James Matzorkis, Cleveland
State University

Tom Mayer, University of
Colorado , Boulder

James McCarthy, Penn
State University

Ernest McCarus, University
of Michigan 

Colin McFarlane, Durham

Jason McGrath, University
of Minnesota 

Sarah E. McKibben, University
of Notre Dame 

John McKinn, University
of Illinois at

Stuart McLean, University
of Minnesota 

Charles McLeod, San Jose
State University

Monika Mehta, Binghamton

Ulises A. Mejias, SUNY Oswego

Martin Melkonian, Hofstra

Pablo Mendez, University
of British Columbia 

Anne Meneley, Trent
University Gregory 

Meyerson, North Carolina
A & T University

John Michael, University
of Rochester 

LK Michelsen, University
of Pennsylvania 

Michael Miklos, Los
  Angeles City

Jim Mileham, University of Wisconson-Milwaukee 

Glen Mimura, UC Irvine 

Yong Soon Min, UC Irvine 

Ruth Misheloff, Baruch College/CUNY 

Elliot G. Mishler, Harvard Medical 

Don Mitchell, Syracuse

John Mitchell, California
Public Schools 

Minoo Moallem, UC Berkeley 

Mahnaz Moallem, University of
North Carolina , Wilmington

Farid Mohammadi ,

Nafas Chandra Talpade Mohanty,
Syracuse University

Jawid Mojaddedi, Rutgers

Alejandra Molina, Hobart and
Smith Colleges

Theresa Montano, California
State University

at Northridge 

Axel Montepeque, UC San Diego

Ellen Moore, UC Berkeley 

Ilona Moore, University
of Minnesota   

Levins Morales, Independent scholar/community educator 

Norma Claire Moruzzi, University
of Illinois at

Fred Moten, Duke

John Mowitt, University
of Minnesota 

Stephennie Mulder, University
of Texas at

Sayyed Abd Al Mahdi Musawi, Razi
School ,
Woodside , New York

Cheryl B. Mwaria, Hofstra

Nadine Naber, University of
Michigan , Ann

Richa Nagar, University
of Minnesota 

Tsolin Nalbantian, Columbia

Omar Nasr, UC Los Angeles

Roni Natov, Brooklyn
College , CUNY 

Anuradha Dingwaney Needham ,

Lawrence Needham ,
Community College 

Dana D. Nelson, Vanderbilt
University Lindsay
Nelson, USC 

Joan Nestle, Queens
College , CUNY 

Jane O. Newman, UC Irvine 

Marcy Newman, An Najah

Niels Niessen, University
of Minnesota 

Kalliopi Nikolopoulou, SUNY Buffalo

Aliscia Niles ,
Oregon Schools 

Judith Norman, Trinity

Lisa North, Public School 3 Brooklyn 

Theodore Norton, Penn
State University

Gabriela Nouzeilles, Princeton

Charlotte Nunes, University of
Texas ,

Naomi Shihab Nye, San Antonio ,

Peter O’Brien, Trinity

Anne O’Byrne, Stony Brook University 

Laura O’Connor, UC Irvine 

Timothy O’Donnell, School of the Art Institute of

Aine O’Healy, Loyola
Marymount University

Richard Ohmann, Wesleyan

Okelberry, Rio
Hondo College

Tema Okun, University of North Carolina-Greensboro 

Ryan Olivas, History teacher 

Daniel Olmos, UC Santa Barbara

Jennifer C Olmsted, Drew

Judy Olson, California
State University ,
Los Angeles 

Paulette Olson, Wright
State University

Peter O’Neill, USC 

Christopher J. O’Reilly, Keene
High School 

Jackie Orr, Syracuse

Amy E. Den Ouden, University
of Massachusetts

Naomi Paik, Yale

Ellen Palmer, teacher & poet, Chicago, 

Paula Panich, freelance writer and teacher 

Crystal Parikh, NYU 

Sun-Hee Park ,
University of

Karl Parker, Hobart &
  William Smith

Benita Parry, Warwick

Dinesh Paudel, University
of Minnesota 

Alejandro Paz, University
of Chicago 

Mark H Pearson, Earlham

Ann Pellegrini, NYU 

David Pellow, University
of Minnesota 

Claire Pentecost, The School of the Art Institute of

Thomas Pepper, University
of Minnesota 

Sonali Perera, Rutgers

Christine Perera, People’s Movement for the Rights of Patients,
Sri Lanka 

Hiram Perez, Princeton

Michael Perfect, University
of Cambridge 

Rosalind Petchesky, Hunter College & the
CUNY Graduate

Minh-ha Pham, NYU 

Kavita Philip, UC Irvine 

Ryan Phillips, UC Berkeley 

Matthew Pierce, Boston

Jemima Pierre, University of
Texas at Austin

Maren Pink ,
Indiana University 

Edie Pistolesi ,
California State University,

Beatrice Pita, UC San Diego

David K. Pitts, Wayne
State University

Karen Platt, Contra
Costa College

Alan Pogue, Texas
Center for Documentary

Haley Pollack, University of
Wisconsin , Madison

Guy Pollio, Nassau
Community College 

Djordje Popovic, University
of Minnesota 

Paul Porter, University
of Minnesota 

Vijay Prashad, Trinity

David Prochaska, University
of Illinois 

Mia Carter, University of
Texas , Austin

Scott Prudham, University
of Toronto 

Jasbir Puar, Rutgers

Alexandra Puerto, Occidental

Laura Pulido, USC 

Therese Quinn, School of the Art Institute of

Magali Rabasa, UC Davis 

Paula Rabinowitz, University
of Minnesota 

Peter Rachleff, Macalester

Jonathan Raff, UC Irvine 

Gloria Goodwin Raheja, University
of Minnesota 

Nimanthi Rajasingham, Rutgers

Aneil Rallin, Soka
University of

Beatriz E. Ram’rez-Betances, University
of Michigan 

Junaid Rana, University
of Illinois , Urbana-Champaign

Marilynn Rashid, Wayne
State University

Jason Read, University
of Southern Maine 

Raphi Rechitsky, University
of Minnesota 

Chandan Reddy, University of
Washington , Seattle

Gayatri Reddy, University of
Illinois at Chicago

Rajyashree N Reddy, University
of Minnesota 

Sujani Reddy, Amherst

Judith Reed, Keene
State College 

David Reeves, Miramar

Rush Rehm, Stanford

Mary Jo Reiff, University
of Tennessee 

Carlos Revilla, Photographer 

Laura Rice, Oregon
State University

John Richetti, University
of Pennsylvania 

Jennifer Ridgley, University
of Toronto 

Kevin Riordan, University
of Minnesota 

Morelia Rivas, UC
San Diego 

Danielle Robare, School for International Training 

Bruce Robbins, Columbia

Paul Robbins, University
of Arizona 

Kathy Roberts, Cambridge
Community Partnership for Children 

Jane Robinett, San Diego
State University

Shira Robinson, George
Washington University

Christopher C. Robinson, Clarkson

StŽphane Robolin, Williams

Howard A. Rodman, USC 

Dylan Rodr’guez, UC Riverside 

Eleanor Roffman, Lesley

Clarissa Rojas, California State
Long Beach 

Patricia Romero, Towson

Sonia M. Rosen, University
of Pennsylvania 

Marsha Rosengarten, Goldsmiths,
University of London

Andrew Ross, NYU 

Robert B. Ross, Syracuse

Natalie Rothman, University
of Toronto 

Aleya Rouchdy, Wayne
State University

John Carlos Rowe, USC 

Laura E. Ruberto, Berkeley
City College
Susan Ruddick, University
of Toronto 

Ann Russo, DePaul

Kanchana N. Ruwanpura, University
  of Southampton , UK

Rashmi Sadana, Columbia

Jeff Sahadeo, Carleton

G. S. Sahota, University
of Minnesota 

Lily Saint, Baruch
College , CUNY 

Christa Salamandra, Lehman
College , CUNY 

Josefina Salda–a, New
  York University

Arun Saldanha, University
of Minnesota 

Murad Salem, Wayne
State University

Saad Samaan, University
of Cincinnati 

Ranu Samantrai ,
Indiana University 

Khaldoun Samman, Macalester

Nicholas Sammond, University
of Toronto 

Benita Sampedro, Hofstra

Sajay Samuel, Penn
State University

Shirley Samuels, Cornell

Rosaura Sanchez, UC San Diego

Marlena Santoyo, Philadelphia
Federation of Teachers 

Dean Saranillio, University
of Michigan 

Mary Sari, High School for Law and Public Service 

Bhaskar Sarkar, UC Santa

Mahua Sarkar, Binghamton

Muttukrishna Sarvananthan, Point Pedro Institute of Development 

Karen Saunders, Putney
Central School

Aseel Sawalha, Pace University 

Sabina Sawhney, Hofstra

Simona Sawhney, University
of Minnesota 

Zeina Sayegh, Hofstra

James R. Scarritt, University
of Colorado at

Justin Schell, University
of Minnesota 

Paige Schilt, Soulforce Research Fellow 

Freya Schiwy, UC Riverside 

Gerald W. Schlabach, University
of St. Thomas 

Cathy Schlund-Vials, University
of Connecticut 

Abigail Schoneboom, LaGuardia
Community College 

Malini Johar Schueller, University
of Florida 

Mark Schuller, York
College , CUNY 

Anna Schultz, University
of Minnesota 

Zachary Schwartz-Weinstein, NYU 

Joan W. Scott, Institute for Advanced Study 

Sarita See, University
of Michigan 

Timothy Seidel, Mennonite Central Committee 

May Seikaly, Wayne
State University

Ellen Seiter, USC 

Caroline Seymour-Jorn, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee 

Rowan Shafer, New Orleans

Sholeh Shahrokhi, Butler

Khanum Shaikh, UC Los Angeles

Omnia El Shakry, UC Davis 

Kate Shalvoy, Council on International Educational Exchange 

Anton Shammas, University
of Michigan 

Aradhana Sharma, Wesleyan

Stephen Sheehi, University
of South Carolina 

Sunil Shende, Rutgers
University , Camden

Alison Shepard, College
of Mount .
St. Joseph 

Eric Sheppard, University
of Minnesota 

Naoko Shibusawa, Brown
University Catherine Shields,
Park Day School

Setsu Shigematsu, UC Riverside 

Magid Shihade, UC Davis 

Laurie Shrage, Florida
International University

Steve Shreefter, NYC Teacher, Retired 

Sussan Siavoshi, Trinity

Irene Siegel, Hofstra

Audra Simpson, Columbia

Brad Simpson, Princeton

Alan Singer, Hofstra

Judith Y. Singer, LIU-Brooklyn 

Julietta Singh, University
of Minnesota 

Nikhil Pal Singh, NYU 

Adam Sitze, Amherst

Ajay Skaria, University
of Minnesota 

Fadi Fayad Skeiker, University
of Texas at

Rachel Slocum, St. Cloud
State University

Ageeth Sluis, Butler

David Whitten Smith, University
of St. Thomas 

Neil Smith, CUNY
Graduate Center

Samuel Smith, Messiah

Kobi Snitz, Technion 

Jody Sokolower, UCSF AIDS Health Project 

Jon Solomon, Tamkang
University , Taipei

Kathryn Sorrells, California
State University ,

Emilio Spadola, Colgate

William V. Spanos, SUNY, Binghamton

Robert Spencer, University
of Manchester 

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Columbia

Aletha Stahl, Earlham

Erin Stalcup, Yeshiva

David P. Stein, Yale

Rebecca L. Stein, Duke

Vicky Steinitz, U Mass/Boston 

Christopher Stone, Hunter
College , CUNY 

Shelley Streeby, UC San Diego

Brian Stross, University of
Texas at Austin

Charles Sugnet, University
of Minnesota 

Seung Hye Suh, Scripps

Kevin N. Summers, Traverse
  City Area
Public Schools 

Kathleen Howard Sutherland, University
of Southern Maine 

Ted Swedenburg, University
of Arkansas 

Paige Sweet, University
of Minnesota 

Brynnar Swenson, Butler

Kristin Swenson, Butler

Adeel Syed, Unaffiliated 

Kerry Sylvia, DC Public Schools 

David Szanton, UC Berkeley 

Neferti X. M. Tadiar, Barnard

Molly Talcott, Arizona
State University

Alessandra Tanesini, Cardiff

Christine Tardy, DePaul

Michael Taussig, Columbia

Mark Lewis Taylor, Princeton
Theological Seminary 

Ty P. Kwika Tengan, University
of Hawaii   

Erica Tesdell, Saint Paul
Public Schools 

Lee Tesdell, Minnesota
State University ,

Omar Tesdell, University
of Minnesota 

Rebecca Tesdell, Seattle
Central Community

Mary Ann Tetreault, Trinity

Jonathan Thomas, University
of Minnesota 

Valorie Thomas, Pomona

Charis Thompson, UC Berkeley 

Shirley Thompson, University
of Texas at

Thorne, UC Berkeley 

Emily Thuma, NYU 

Miriam Ticktin, New School for Social Research 

Primrose Tishman, Duke
Ellington School
of the Arts 

Sarra Tlili, University
of Pennsylvania 

Rolando B. Tolentino, University of the

Fereshteh Toosi, Columbia
College , Chicago

Towns , University
of Minnesota 

Corbin Treacy, University
of Minnesota 

Red Vaughan Tremmel, Evergreen
State College 

John Trimbur, Emerson

Lucia Trimbur, John
Jay College ,

Anna Tsing, UC Santa Cruz

Meredeth Turshen, Rutgers

Deepika Udagama, University of
  Colombo , Sri Lanka

Benjamin J. Urmston, Xavier

Yohana Valdez, UC Los Angeles

Dimitris Vardoulakis, University
of Western Sydney 

Deborah R. Vargas, University
of Texas at

Sherry Vatter, California
State University ,
Long Beach 

Antonio Y. Vazquez-Arroyo, University
of Minnesota 

Gina Velasco, Bryn
Mawr College

Jen Vernon, UC San Diego

Kamala Visweswaran, University
of Texas at

Sophie Vlacos, Cardiff

Pamela Voekel, University
of Georgia 

Elizabeth Vogel, University
of Minnesota 

Mary B. Vogl, Colorado
State University

Sam Canh Vong, Yale

Emily Wachsmann, University of
  North Texas 

Joel Wainwright, Ohio
State University

Richard A. Walker, University
of California 

Dorothy Wang, Williams

Jane Ward, UC Riverside 

John Warner, Hunter
College , CUNY 

Robert Warrior, University
of Illinois ,

Dorothy Jean Weaver, Eastern Mennonite Seminary,
Harrisonburg , VA

Devra Weber, UC Riverside 

Elizabeth Weed, Brown

Alys Eve Weinbaum, University
of Washington ,

Cornel West, Princeton

E.A. (“Tony”) Whelan,
London School
of Economics 

Roger T. Whitson, University
  of South Florida 

Faith Wilding, School of the Art Institute of

Johnny E. Williams, Trinity

Randall Williams, UC San Diego

Jennifer Denise Williams, NYU 

Mary-Sherman Willis, George
Washington University

Tiffany Willoughby-Herard, UC Irvine 

Ann Wilson, SUNY, Duchess
Community College 

Kate Wilson, CUNY
Graduate School

Jessica Winegar, Temple

David Wittenberg, University
of Iowa 

Ellen Wolpert, Cambridge
Community Partnerships for Children 

Kristina Wong, Solo Performer and Writer,
Los Angeles 

Jolie Wood, University of
Texas at Austin

John E. Woods, University
of Chicago 

Tryon P. Woods, Sonoma
State University

Daryl Wright, Springfield
College of Human

Elvin Wyly, University
of British Columbia 

Nanette Yannuzzi-Macias, Oberlin

Umeyye Izra Yazicioglu, St.
  Joseph ‘s University 

Seval Yildirim, Whittier
Law School

M. Yoder, Eastern Mennonite Seminary 

Susan Yohn, Hofstra

Theodore Jun Yoo, University
of Hawaii 

Mari Yoshihara, University
of Hawaii 

June Zaccone, Hofstra
University Vazira 

Fazila-Yacoobali Zamindar, Brown

Kathryn Zamora-Moeller, UC Berkeley 

Ahmed Zildzic, UC Berkeley 

Catherine Zimmer, Pace University 

Lee Zimmerman, Hofstra

Madhvi Zutshi, Rutgers