No Other Option?!

by Sam Bahour

Occupation magazine
10 January 2009

I watch in shock, like the rest of the world, at the appalling death and
destruction being wrought on Gaza by Israel; and still it does not stop.
Meanwhile, we see a seemingly never-ending army of well-prepared Israeli war
propagandists, some Israeli government officials, and many other people
self-enlisted for the purpose, explaining to the world the justifications
for pulverizing the Gaza Strip, with its 1.5 million inhabitants. Curious
about how Israel, or any society for that matter, could justify a crime of
such magnitude against humanity, I turned to my Jewish Israeli friends today
to hear their take on things. One after another, the theme was the same. The
vast majority of Jewish Israelis has apparently bought into the
state-sponsored line that Israel was under attack and had no other option
available to stop Hamas` rockets. More frightening is the revelation that
many Israelis–including one person who self-identifies as a former `peace
activist`–are speaking of accepting the killing of 100,000 or more
Palestinians, if need be.

I have a problem with this logic.

I am a Palestinian American based in Al-Bireh, the sister city of Ramallah
in the West Bank. I can see how an observer from abroad could be blind to
the facts, given the blitz of Gaza war propaganda orchestrated by the
Israeli military. But I know better. Like all other Palestinians in Gaza and
the West Bank, I am not an observer from abroad. We live every day under the
bitter burden of Israeli military occupation and we know that this question,
presented as rhetorical–did we really have an option? –has a rational
answer. Allow me, from my vantage point as an economic development
professional, to touch on some of the other options that could have been
chosen. Moreover, many of them will be forced on Israel anyway, sooner or
later, whether after the next `war,` or in the coming days under the
ceasefire agreement and the Egyptian-sponsored implementation mechanism
being discussed as I write this. Meaning: all this death and destruction
could have been easily avoided.

Dear Israeli citizen, short of ending the occupation, you could have:

1. Opted to agree on how to disagree: There are two bodies of law that deal
with international relations in this world, International Law and the Law of
the Jungle. Until today, your government–and maybe you–refuse to accept
the global consensus that the Gaza Strip and West Bank, including East  
Jerusalem, are all militarily occupied territory. The occupying power is
Israel–as attested in dozens of United Nations resolutions over the past
four decades By ignoring this fact that Israel is an occupying power, thus
removing (unsuccessfully, of course) any internationally recognized baseline
for the conflict, you have created an environment that can only be described
as the `Law of the Jungle,` where might is right and where, as we see in
Gaza now, anything goes. You could have accepted international humanitarian
law, as stipulated in the Fourth Geneva Conventions regulating occupations,
and avoided many of the seemingly impossible positions you find yourself in
today: from the albatross of the settlement enterprise to the reality of
missile attacks from the Gaza Strip.

2. Opted to allow for an international presence in the occupied territory:
For over 30 years – yes, 30 years! – the Palestinians have begged the
international community to create and maintain a serious presence in the
occupied territory, something to stand between us and protect the civilians
on both sides. Israel repeatedly refused to consider this. Instead your
government chose to deal with the Palestinian territory as if it was its
own, always behaving in line with its meta-objective: getting a maximum of
Palestinian geography with a minimum of Palestinian demography. You could
have avoided dealing directly with the natural reaction of any occupied
people to resist their occupation, by allowing international players to get
involved and serve as a sort of referee between you and those you are
occupying militarily.

3. Opted to accept lawful non-violent resistance to your occupation: For
over 40 years, Palestinians have tried everything to remove the Israeli boot
of occupation from our necks (all documented, for anyone interested enough
to do the research): tax revolts, general strikes, civil disobedience,
economic development, elections, and on and on. Your response every time was
to rely on violence, on control; your message was that you respect nothing
other than your own desires. Your children on the front line in Gaza may be
too young to recall, but you might remind them, so that they will at least
be informed as they march ahead to your drummers: Let them know you deported
duly elected mayors back in the 1980s; let them know that you closed down
entire Palestinian universities for years on end; let them know that you
have imprisoned over 650,000 Palestinians since your occupation began,
creating a virtual prison university for the resistance movement and
stunning any possibility for a new leadership to arise; let them know that
even after Oslo you prohibit, to this day, Palestinians from building fully
independent utilities–not only in Gaza, but in the West Bank as well. You
could have tried a little harder to understand that people under occupation
do not throw flowers and rice at their occupiers and resolve to surrender to
a slow death.

4. Opted to accept the results of Palestinian democracy: For Palestinians,
and believe it or not Israelis too, the best thing that happened in the
recent past was when Hamas was chosen in peaceful elections to take over the
governance of Palestine. Prior to those elections, where was Hamas? They
were in their underground bunkers carrying out atrocities that were
disrupting your daily agenda–and mine–with absolutely no accountability
whatsoever. When they accepted the Oslo process and ran for office and were
duly elected, they stopped, for all intent and purpose, attacking inside
Israel (by which I mean, inside the Green Line). Your citizens become
significantly safer! Your government (and the U.S.) responded by refusing to
accept the results of our elections and imposed sanctions on the elected
Palestinian government. This was long before any violent infighting took
place in Gaza between Hamas and Fatah. How did the Palestinians react to
your intransigence? They pressed Hamas to replace its Hamas-only government
with a unity government that had all the significant Palestinian political
factions represented. You were thus presented with an accountable body that
encompassed all Palestinian political flavors. Your government again
responded by refusing to accept the results of our elections and continued
with sanctions against the Palestinian government, repeating over and over
the mantra that `there is no partner.` Beyond that, the Israeli government
intensified its campaign of assassinating and arresting Palestinians in Gaza
and the West Bank and introduced a whole new range of draconian punitive
measures against the Palestinian public at large. Like what, you ask? Well,
one such measure was that your government began blocking foreign
nationals–people like me–from entering or doing business in the occupied
territory, thus hindering any real chance to create a new, forward-looking
reality. You could have accepted Palestinian democracy instead of propping
up your own version of a failed Palestinian leadership.

5. Opted not to interfere in Palestinian internal politics: When Hamas
violently struck at Fatah in Gaza–for reasons that have been well
documented elsewhere–your government chose to punish all 1.5 million
Palestinians by installing a hermetic seal on Gaza and allowing only a
trickle of normal traffic to go in or out, meeting only a small fraction of
Gaza`s needs. Lest you suspect me of indulging in empty clichés, I shall
explain. International agencies have estimated that Gaza`s daily basic needs
amount to 450 truckloads a day. For 18 months prior to your aggression on
Gaza, your government allowed 70 truckloads a day on average. Yes, seventy!
And these were allowed to enter only when the border crossings that you
control were open, which was only 30% of the time. You could have chosen not
to use food, medicine, education, cement, water, electricity, and so forth,
as tools of repression. If you saw yourselves accurately as the occupying
power you are, you could have kept in place a lawful security regime on the
borders without creating a humanitarian disaster which led to irrational
acts (such as missiles being lobbed over the border) by those you tried to
starve into submission.

You could have made a firm distinction between your political desires and
your humanitarian obligations as an occupying power.

This list could go on and on.

The fact of the matter is that you had a long list of options open to you!
So many, indeed, that it boggles the mind that your government has
apparently been able to blind you to all of them…so that today, as the
bombs shriek over Gaza, you can say, and evidently sincerely mean it: We had
no other option.

Nevertheless, even with all these options effectively invisible to you,
there is nothing on this earth–not law, not politics, not even a desperate
and lengthy campaign of rockets creating widespread fear and even some
civilian deaths on your side of the border–there is nothing that can
justify, by Israel or any other country on this earth, the decision to opt
for a crime against humanity as your chosen response. Nothing!

You accepted your government`s path to separate unilaterally from occupied
Palestinians; you accepted an illegal barrier to be built on confiscated
Palestinian lands; you accepted a unilateral disengagement that simply
redeployed your occupation from the heart of Gaza to its perimeter, on land
and sea and in the air, rather than actually removing it; you accepted the
continuing expansion of your settlements and their systematic harassment of
their Palestinian neighbors while talking peace; you accepted, and sadly
continue to accept, a consensual blindness to the fact that the majority of
Palestinians live as refugees, far from your occupation (practically, not
geographically), and feel much more rage than you have lately been creating
in the Gaza Strip. I urge you to stop acquiescing in this policy of managed
unreality. I urge you to open your eyes and wake up. If not for our sake,
then for your own.

You may not see us over the Separation Wall you built; you may not see us
from the cockpits of your F-16s or from the inside of your tanks; you may
not see us from the command and control center in the heart of Tel Aviv as
you direct your pilots to launch their ton of munitions over our heads.
Still, I can assure you of one thing. Until you wake up and demand that your
leaders choose a different path, a path toward a life as equals and
neighbors instead of trampler-on and trampled-on, you and your warrior sons
and daughters will continue to see us–all of us, living and dead–in your
nightmares, where we will continue to demand peace with justice.


Sam Bahour is a management consultant and entrepreneur living in Ramallah;
he is co-editor of `Homeland: Oral History of Palestine and Palestinians,`
and blogs at

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